What is Chagas disease?

What is?

Chagas is a disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which can live in blood and tissues of humans and animals and insect digestive tract or bug as the kissing bug. As the insect feeds on the blood of people and animals, transmits the disease by biting.

What are the symptoms?

At first symptoms they may appear or occur very attenuated. The first to appear are prolonged fever, diarrhea, headache, fatigue, irritability, vomiting, loss of appetite and malaise. After 20 or 30 years affected his heart and digestive and nervous systems, leading it to death.

Is there a treatment?

Children, adolescents, young people and people of any age infected recently are most likely to be cured if treated properly in time.

How can it be prevented?

maintain the house and grounds as organized as possible
ventilate beds and cots.
clean behind furniture and objects hanging on the walls.
prevent animals sleep inside the house.
put chicken coops or pens as far away from the house.
carrying out fumigation of houses.

Life cycle

To learn how to avoid it, you have to know what their life cycle.

How Chagas disease is transmitted

Not all bugs of the genus Triatoma are infested with trypanosome. But if the person is bitten by an infected bug, surely will contract the disease.

Trypanosome is a parasite that comes to healthy bug after it foundered animals (wild or domestic) or human trypanosome infected. When this occurs, the parasite multiplies in the intestine of the bug. Therefore, when an infected bug bites a healthy person, it will not take the parasite in the blood. But when defecating near the wound, it will stop trypanosomes with feces, which will come into contact with the wound for involuntary scratching, penetrating the blood of the person.

When the parasite reaches the human blood, the first thing it does is infect striated muscle fibers in different locations, or phagocytes (immune cells whose main function is to remove bacterial debris, accessories antigen-antibody and other waste). They begin to multiply inside muscle cells or the phagocyte, going through different stages of evolution, so that the cell can not accommodate more parasites and breaks.

The parasites are spread by blood, but can infect other cells, since only within them can multiply.

When a bedbug bites an infected person, blood takes with free parasites and the cycle begins again by biting into a different person.

Interest

News of interest, based on the Argentina Initiative.

MAKING POSSIBLE A UTOPIA

In the month of january a collective of doctors and physicians from Europe sent a donation to the Clinical consult of Chagas Initiative of the North East University in Corrientes. It was a crowd fund

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COMMUNITY BASED WORK

A group of amazing people has been in northern Argentina in the province of JUJUY the last weekend. During 3 days these colleagues visited three small towns and attended a total number of 950 patients

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LETTER OF THE CHAIRMAN DR DANIEL HERNANDEZ

My name is Dr. Daniel O. Hernandez. I’ve got my degree in medicine in December 1995, at the Faculty of Medicine of the Nordeast National University UNNE. I made the residence program in Cardi

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A NEW VISIT TO JUJUY PROVINCE IN THE NORTH-WESTERN REGION OF ARGENTINA

Today 08th october 2014 the crew of the North East National University (UNNE) is traveling to The north western province of Jujuy, one of the many provinces affected by this endemic disease. This t

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LETTER TO THE CHAGAS INITIATIVE FROM OUR COLLEAGUE IN PARAGUAY

His name is Elías Menacho Eguez and he works as a doctor in the public sector in Asuncion, Capitol of Paraguay. He is an integrant of our Chagas Initiative. Elías did his Residency program in th

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THE CHAGAS INITIATIVE IN ARGENTINA: WHO ARE WE

Dr Daniel Hernandez is a recognized and prized specialist in Cardiology who dedicates his daily work to teaching as Head of Department in Internal Medicine, and to research in Chagas Disease. In 2

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Acknowledgements

People who were and are part of this initiative, Thanks!

Board Members of the Coordinating Group of field activities Chagas initiative of the Americas

Dr. Daniel Osvaldo Hernandez

Cardiology Specialist, Head of department of Internal Medicine of the University of North East, Argentina. Director of the observatory for Chagas Disease, North East University Medical School.

Dr. Paul Flores

President of the Group of Research in Chagas Disease of the Argentinian Cardiology Federation.

Dr. Miguel Amor

Cardiology Specialist, Master in Echocardiography, Consultant of Cardiology dept. Ramos Mejia University Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Dr. Guillermo Schmitt

Cardiology Specialist Hospital of General Belgrano City, Buenos Aires. Member of the Working Group for Chagas Disease, Argentinian Cardiology Federation.

Dr. Eduardo Blanco

MEMBER OF HONOR / PERMANENT COLLABORATOR
Cardiology Specialist. Former Resident of the Hospital de Clinicas, University of Buenos Aires. Cardiology Consultant, Department of Cardiology Clinica Teknon, Barcelona, Spain.

Dr Lucas Izarduy

MEMBER OF HONOR / PERMANENT COLLABORATOR
Consultant in Clinical Physiology department. Blekinge County Hospital, Sweden. Cardiology Specialist. Former Resident of the Hospital de Clinicas, University of Buenos Aires. Specialist in Nuclear Medicine, former resident of Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain. Former Consultant in Cardiology dept. Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

Dr. Conrado Marco Cusnaider

MEMBER OF HONOR / PERMANENT COLLABORATOR
Specialist in Ginecology and Obstetrics, Conmell General County, Ireland. Former Consultant Specialist in Obstetrics/Gynecology in Clinica Corachan and Martorell General Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

Dr. Oscar Alejandro Petrini

MEMBER OF HONOR / PERMANENT COLLABORATOR
Specialist in General Surgery and emergentology, Consultant Physician in Varvet Clinic, Hudiksvall, Sweden. Former consultant of the Surgeery Dept. Clinica La Alianza, Tortosa, Spain. Former Resident in Surgery dept., Vidal University Hospital, Corrientes, Argentina.

Dr. Sergej Scheel

MEMBER OF HONOR / PERMANENT COLLABORATOR
Cardiology Consultant, Chief of Dept. in Electrophysiology, Blekinge County Hospital, Sweden.

Dr. Angel Espinosa

MEMBER OF HONOR / PERMANENT COLLABORATOR
Consultant in Anesthesiology, Dept. of Vascular & Thoracic Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Sweden. Cardiology Specialist. Former Resident of the Hospital de Clinicas, University of Buenos Aires. Former Resident in Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona,Spain.

Dr. Gerardo Omar Larroza

MEMBER OF HONOR / PERMANENT COLLABORATOR
Dean of the North East University Medical School, Corrientes, Argentina.

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